Gum Arabic (Acacia Gum) is a natural raw material from plant origin. It is obtained from the exudate of acacia species naturally growing in the “Gum-Belt” region of Africa. Gum Arabic is a natural hydrocolloid with polyvalent properties for a wide range of industrial applications. It is used as a film-building agent or surface-protective colloid, it also has outstanding binding, emulsifying and stabilizing properties. Furthermore, it is a natural food-grade adhesive as well as an encapsulating agent.


CONFECTIONERY
Texturizer, barrier & film-building agent, coating agent. Used in gums, jellies, pastilles, chewy toffees and pan-coated products.

BEVERAGE & FLAVOURS
Emulsifier, suspending and stabilizing agent for soft drinks, smoothies, cocktails. Carrier and encapsulating agent for flavoured emulsion concentrates and spray- dried flavor powders.

FINE FOODS
Emulsifier, binder, suspending and stabilizing agent for dairies, desserts, dressings, dips, sauces.

OENOLOGY & BEER PRODUCTS
Clearing and stabilizing agent for wines (oenology). Stabilizing and emulsifying agent in beer-mix beverages.

COSMETIC
Emulsifier, stabilizer, thickener, binder, texturizer or creams, lotions, masks and decorative cosmetics.

PHARMACEUTICALS
Film-building and coating agent, binder, thickener for pills, pastilles, dragées, capsules. Stabilizer for medical suspensions and emulsions.

TECHNICAL APPLICATIONS
Emulsifier, suspending and stabilizing agent for inks, colours, encapsulating agent for pigment powders. Adhesive for pyrotechnic articles and cigarette paper.

Investment Opportunities In Shea Nut In Niger State

Nigeria is the leading producer of Shea nut and butter in the world. However due to issues around quality, the nation is yet to fully tap into the benefit of the expanding market for Shea nut and butter. The oil content is the most crucial element of the shea nut as that component is an important ingredient in the composition of the shea butter that goes into Cocoa Butter Equivalents and other by-products.


SOURCING
Shea nut and shea products are mainly produced in Kwara, Katsina, Plateau, Kogi, Oyo, Benue, Edo, Zamfara, Taraba, Borno, Niger, Nasarawa, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Adamawa states.

PRODUCTION STATISTICS
Estimated National Production is 500,000 MT annually, about 3% of the national production is exported.

USES
Shea butter is mainly used as cooking oil, in the making of  chocolate and candle and as moisturizers in the cosmetic industry. It is used in the treatment of skin disorders like eczema, burns, rashes, stretch marks, acne, wrinkles, skin discolorations, itching and other skin problems. It also provides natural protection from the sun’s UV rays. It is also an excellent agent for softening skin. It can also be used to maintain hair moisturization especially in dry hair.

PRICING
In the international market, the price per ton for Shea butter packed in 20 pound dark plastic sacks or 50 kilo dark plastic containers or coated steel drums ranges from $1,800 to 2,800/MT depending on the quality, while the local market price per tonne ranges from N180,000 to N250,000.

The price of Shea nuts and butter follows the movement in the price of cocoa beans and butter. Storage Marketing.

EXPORT MARKET
Major destinations for Nigeria’s Sheanut and Butter are the Europe, United States and Japan.

EXPORT SEASON
The export season for Shea nut commences by June and ends in October.

HARVESTING PERIOD
The harvesting period for Shea Nuts in Nigeria, runs from July till about November. The fruits are allowed to ripen on the tree and then drop to the ground.

STORAGE
Nut that has been well dried can store well for up to 5 years without spoiling. Storage should aim at maintaining the quality through the storage period as well as eliminating pests that could destroy the nuts. Ware house at the appropriate location are needed.

PROCESSING
Shea Butter is produced by steaming the Shea fruit for the kernel inside to shrink away from the shell to prevent the kernel from damaging. After the shells are cracked and the kernels are extracted. They are placed in the sun to dry for a prolonged period in order for the shea nuts to maintain a long shelf life of 5 years. After drying, the best nuts will be sorted out to for crushing and left till the next day. Thereafter, other processes like Roasting of Crushed Shea Kernels, Milling, Kneading, Boiling, Filtration and Solidification, Packaging and Storage will commence.

MARKETING
Main buyers of Sheanut and Sheabutter are chocolate manufacturers, Cosmetic Industries, Pharmaceutical Industries as well as households.

INVESTMENT SUMMARY
Production, Processing, Export, Storage Marketing.

The red chilly is special condiment that adds pungency and colour to food. Additionally, it has certain medicinal properties, and also contains vitamins like A,C,E and P. The chilies are carefully chosen to enhance the delicacy of the dishes and can retain aroma for longer period of time.

The cashew seed is a kidney-shaped snack surrounded by several toxic layers intended to keep animals from gobbling it up. Outside the seed is a double shell filled with anacardic acid, which causes a skin rash on contact. On the bright side, the acid has medical uses – it’s mildly antibacterial and antifungal, and it’s sometimes used to relieve toothaches. Cashew nut trees (Anacardium occidentale) are native to Brazil and grow best in tropical climates.

Plantain flour is made of dried and pulverized sliced plantain. Therefore, the major constituent used in making Plantain flour is PLANTAIN. Plantain is rich in high fiber content, it has low sodium/fat content and relatively rich is protein (between 3.0 to 3.5%) compared to other fruits. It contains high level of Ascorbic Acid, Carotene and some other vitamins valuable to the development of the body. Plantain flour consumption is especially good for patients suffering from: Diabetes, Coronary Heart Disease, Arteriosclerosis, Angina Pectoris, Palpitation, High Cholesterol Level, High Blood Pressure, Obesity e.t.c. Plantain has been listed as one of the major high fibre rich foods.

There is high demand of plant a in flour in the international market. Especially Nigerians in diaspora are in current need of plantain flour. The increasing health benefit of plantain flour discovered day-by-day by researchers worldwide has relatively increased the demand of the product.

MARKET
The most interesting aspect of plantain flour is that it has high demand both in the international and local market. This means, you can sell locally here in Nigeria and also export to African countries and other continents of the world. You can make more profit if you are exporting it abroad. If you are a Nigerian and well established in Diaspora, you can embark on this project in Nigeria, and start importing the product to your country, thereby serving as both exporter and importer.

Lead (element #82, symbol Pb) is a very soft, blue-gray, metallic element. It is primarily produced from the mineral galena. It has been used since antiquity. Water pipes in ancient Rome, some of which still carry water, were made of lead. The English words plumber and plumbing are derived from the Latin word for lead — plumbum — the source of the chemical symbol for lead, Pb. Today lead is used mostly in car batteries.

USES
The majority of the lead consumed annually is used to make batteries for cars, trucks and other vehicles, as well as wheel weights, solder, bearings and other parts. Lead is used in electronics and communications (emergency power batteries, for example), ammunition, television glass, construction, and protective coatings. A small amount is used to make protective aprons for patients having x-rays to shield the body from excess radiation exposure, for crystal glass production, weights and ballast, and specialized chemicals.

Used in lead batteries, gasoline tanks, and solders, seals or bearings, used in electrical and electronic applications, TV tubes, TV glass, construction, communications, protective coatings, in ballast or weights, ceramics or crystal glass, tubes or containers, type metal, foil or wire, X-ray and gamma radiation shielding, sound proofing material in construction industry, and ammunition.